Example: A plane flies by first, its wing design; second, engine forward movement; third, direction of wing flaps. Typical organizations for an. Main reasons approach: Just list out the reasons why your thesis is true. First, because of x; Second, because of y; Third, because of z. Use any of the above organizations especially the ones for the persuasive speech.
Now, write down supports for your points. Take time to research your topic thoroughly and get yourself stories, statistics, expert opinion, and more to make your speech standout.
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Kinds of supports you should use in your speech:. Interest supports to increase interest in your speech: stories, examples, personal experiences, interaction e. Evidence supports to increase solid support in your speech: statistics, expert opinions, direct quotations, studies, surveys, and facts. Write your introduction. Give a quick attention getter, state the thesis, tell why it is important to you and your audience.
Write your conclusion. Tie the speech together, build to a higher point and give it a sense of conclusion. Practice and prepare to present your material as effectively as possible.
Kinds of supports you should use in your speech: 1. However, the publisher has asked for the customary Creative Commons attribution to the original publisher, authors, title, and book URI to be removed. Additionally, per the publisher's request, their name has been removed in some passages. More information is available on this project's attribution page. For more information on the source of this book, or why it is available for free, please see the project's home page. You can browse or download additional books there.
To download a. Persuasive speaking seeks to influence the beliefs, attitudes, values, or behaviors of audience members.
Point Counterpoint: Speeches That Persuade
In order to persuade, a speaker has to construct arguments that appeal to audience members. Arguments form around three components: claim, evidence, and warrant. The claim A persuasive statement that will be supported by evidence. Your thesis statement is the overarching claim for your speech, but you will make other claims within the speech to support the larger thesis. Evidence Material presented to support the claim. The main points of your persuasive speech and the supporting material you include serve as evidence.
One warrant for the claim and evidence cited in this example is that the US Department of Transportation is an institution that funds research conducted by credible experts. The quality of your evidence often impacts the strength of your warrant, and some warrants are stronger than others. In general, the anecdotal evidence from personal experience would be given a weaker warrant than the evidence from the national research report.
The same process works in our legal system when a judge evaluates the connection between a claim and evidence. Fingerprint evidence from the steering wheel that has been matched with a suspect is much more likely to warrant arrest. As you put together a persuasive argument, you act as the judge.
You can evaluate arguments that you come across in your research by analyzing the connection the warrant between the claim and the evidence. If the warrant is strong, you may want to highlight that argument in your speech. You may also be able to point out a weak warrant in an argument that goes against your position, which you could then include in your speech.
Every argument starts by putting together a claim and evidence, but arguments grow to include many interrelated units. As with any speech, topic selection is important and is influenced by many factors. Good persuasive speech topics are current, controversial, and have important implications for society. Giving the same speech would have been much more timely in the s when there was a huge movement to increase seat-belt use. Many topics that are current are also controversial, which is what gets them attention by the media and citizens.
Current and controversial topics will be more engaging for your audience. However, arguing that the restrictions on blood donation by men who have had sexual relations with men be lifted would be controversial. I must caution here that controversial is not the same as inflammatory. An inflammatory topic is one that evokes strong reactions from an audience for the sake of provoking a reaction. Being provocative for no good reason or choosing a topic that is extremist will damage your credibility and prevent you from achieving your speech goals.
You should also choose a topic that is important to you and to society as a whole. As we have already discussed in this book, our voices are powerful, as it is through communication that we participate and make change in society. Therefore we should take seriously opportunities to use our voices to speak publicly. Choosing a speech topic that has implications for society is probably a better application of your public speaking skills than choosing to persuade the audience that Lebron James is the best basketball player in the world or that Superman is a better hero than Spiderman.
Remember that speakers have ethical obligations to the audience and should take the opportunity to speak seriously. You will also want to choose a topic that connects to your own interests and passions.
If you are an education major, it might make more sense to do a persuasive speech about funding for public education than the death penalty. If there are hot-button issues for you that make you get fired up and veins bulge out in your neck, then it may be a good idea to avoid those when speaking in an academic or professional context. Choosing such topics may interfere with your ability to deliver a speech in a competent and ethical manner. Most people tune out speakers they perceive to be too ideologically entrenched and write them off as extremists or zealots.
How To Write A Persuasive Speech: 7 Steps
You also want to ensure that your topic is actually persuasive. Also, think of your main points as reasons to support your thesis. Identifying arguments that counter your thesis is also a good exercise to help ensure your topic is persuasive. If you can clearly and easily identify a competing thesis statement and supporting reasons, then your topic and approach are arguable.
Competent speakers should consider their audience throughout the speech-making process. Given that persuasive messages seek to directly influence the audience in some way, audience adaptation becomes even more important. If possible, poll your audience to find out their orientation toward your thesis. It is unlikely that you will have a homogenous audience, meaning that there will probably be some who agree, some who disagree, and some who are neutral. So you may employ all of the following strategies, in varying degrees, in your persuasive speech.
When you have audience members who already agree with your proposition, you should focus on intensifying their agreement.
You can also assume that they have foundational background knowledge of the topic, which means you can take the time to inform them about lesser-known aspects of a topic or cause to further reinforce their agreement. Rather than move these audience members from disagreement to agreement, you can focus on moving them from agreement to action. There are two main reasons audience members may be neutral in regards to your topic: 1 they are uninformed about the topic or 2 they do not think the topic affects them. In this case, you should focus on instilling a concern for the topic.
Uninformed audiences may need background information before they can decide if they agree or disagree with your proposition. Remember that concrete and proxemic supporting materials will help an audience find relevance in a topic. Students who pick narrow or unfamiliar topics will have to work harder to persuade their audience, but neutral audiences often provide the most chance of achieving your speech goal since even a small change may move them into agreement. When audience members disagree with your proposition, you should focus on changing their minds.
To effectively persuade, you must be seen as a credible speaker. When facing a disagreeable audience, the goal should also be small change. Aside from establishing your credibility, you should also establish common ground with an audience. Build common ground with disagreeable audiences and acknowledge areas of disagreement.
Acknowledging areas of disagreement and logically refuting counterarguments in your speech is also a way to approach persuading an audience in disagreement, as it shows that you are open-minded enough to engage with other perspectives.
3rd grade argumentative writing: crafting a persuasive speech
The proposition of your speech is the overall direction of the content and how that relates to the speech goal. A persuasive speech will fall primarily into one of three categories: propositions of fact, value, or policy. A speech may have elements of any of the three propositions, but you can usually determine the overall proposition of a speech from the specific purpose and thesis statements.
Since most persuasive speech topics can be approached as propositions of fact, value, or policy, it is a good idea to start thinking about what kind of proposition you want to make, as it will influence how you go about your research and writing. As you can see in the following example using the topic of global warming, the type of proposition changes the types of supporting materials you would need:. To support propositions of fact, you would want to present a logical argument based on objective facts that can then be used to build persuasive arguments. Persuasive speeches about policy usually require you to research existing and previous laws or procedures and determine if any relevant legislation or propositions are currently being considered.
The traditional view of rhetoric that started in ancient Greece and still informs much of our views on persuasion today has been critiqued for containing Western and masculine biases. Traditional persuasion has been linked to Western and masculine values of domination, competition, and change, which have been critiqued as coercive and violent. Sally M. Communication scholars proposed an alternative to traditional persuasive rhetoric in the form of invitational rhetoric.
Griffin, and T.